CHCDIV002 Assessment Answers

CHCDIV002 – Promote Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander cultural safety

CHCDIV002 Assessment Answers

Elements and Performance Criteria

https://www.yinghuaacademy.org/2022/m4prmy5vke ELEMENT https://highskywing.org/?p=rgqdm4qk PERFORMANCE CRITERIA
Elements define the essential outcomesPerformance criteria describe the performance needed to demonstrate achievement of the element
1. Identify cultural safety issues in the workplace1.1 Identify the potential impact of cultural factors on service delivery to Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander clients1.2 Identify critical issues that influence relationships and communication with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people1.3 Establish key aspects of cultural safety in consultation with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people1.4 Evaluate the extent to which cultural safety is integrated into own work and workplace
2. Model cultural safety in own work2.1 Ensure work practices are grounded in the awareness of one’s own cultural bias2.2 Reflect an awareness of own and other cultures in work practices2.3 Use communication techniques and work practices that show respect for the cultural differences of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people2.4 Engage with Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander interpreters and colleagues as cultural brokers, according to situation needs
3. Develop strategies for improved cultural safety3.1 Support the development of effective partnerships between staff, Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people and their communities3.2 Identify and utilize resources to promote partnerships3.3 Devise and document ways to support the delivery of services and programs that are culturally safe and encourage increased participation3.4 Integrate strategies that encourage self-determination and community control in services and programs
4. Evaluate cultural safety strategies4.1 Agree outcomes against which cultural safety strategies can be measured4.2 Involve Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people in evaluations4.3 Evaluate programs and services against desired outcomes4.4 Revise strategies based on evaluation with appropriate engagement of Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander people

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENTS CHCDIV002 ASSESSMENT ANSWERS

ACTIVITY 1

https://eaglepoolservice.com/x2yntrtbbkv 1. The health and the community organizations must be aware of the cultural factors impacting their services and especially when it is for the Australian Indigenous cultures including the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The organization must be keen to identify and access how the cultural factors may impact the organization all the more as Australia island to a variety of cultures (Moule, 2012). The health and the service organizations must involve in the close observation of the culture and the practices of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and must involve in the research about their culture and practices including the Dream-time stories, languages are spoken, the health status of the community, festivals, books, rituals followed by the community, art forms, and music, etc (Witte, 2010).

The organization may involve in collaborative trust-based and respectful relationships with the people of the community through showing due respect for their culture and involving them in the events in the organization or putting up displays of their art forms and flags at the premises (Gough, 2011). These organizations can call up community members for interactions as the elders from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community as they are given high regard in their cultures and may involve in having sound involvement of these members in the planning and development of the service provisions suiting to their community in order to allow higher engagement of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with the organization (Staton et al, 2009).

https://www.naomella.com/2022/06/ijrr7s50go Also, the research may include the collection of the data about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and their community from the government and other organizations through having a census of their population, a record of the health status of the community, etc (Morton et al 2015). This research into the https://hiddengemsofzambia.com/nde0alc4q cultural development factors may help in the design of the service provisions in accordance with the needs of the individuals in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community.

https://hiddengemsofzambia.com/mr2qlqkg 2. The cultural realities may include the following as:

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b. Poor health (Moule, 2012)

https://www.hndassignmenthelp.com/0prs3mpg9k c. Feelings of grievance and losses among the indigenous people

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Cheap Valium For Sale Uk e. Differences in traditions

https://eaglepoolservice.com/9nkk3p6vr f. Over-representations of these community people in the custody

g. Living conditions and physical environment of various groups

Cheap Valium Canada h. Present feelings (Greg et al, 2012)

https://www.clinandmedimages.com/lc2iad61l1 i. Need for education

https://www.decroly.com/cacucga9k j. Aspiration and other differences among the various indigenous groups

http://www.cbpae.org/jidkpvcbvsk k. Death rituals (Gough, 2011)

https://historickailuavillage.com/myhawpz l. Religious conceptions

Buy Alprazolam Online Legally 3. The strategies that may be implemented to address the cultural factors impacting the delivery of services are:

Buy Valium China a. Patient services as per their cultures

Buy Valium Scotland b. Adapting the reception or other services in local languages (Morton et al 2015)

c. Services must cater to the needs for privacy and providing protection to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander or indigenous people

https://www.hndassignmenthelp.com/i5qcdal d. Nonthreatening screening procedures

e. Providing advisory service (Greg et al, 2012)

https://www.clinandmedimages.com/s6abe22qz f. Promotion of a culturally safe environment

g. Collaborative partnerships with elders in the community

https://www.decroly.com/evzbga61r h. Provision of resources like dialysis for the kidney failures  (Moule, 2012)

ACTIVITY 2

1. The workplace relationships with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander coworkers include the lack of appreciation from the other workers about the historical losses, discriminatory behaviors, and grievance faced by these people (Gough, 2011). The members of other community or non indigenous staff are not able to understand the plight that had been faced and is still being faced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and its impact on their access to health services in the community, gaining of employment in the organizations, education, and other services in the community (Witte, 2010).

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Also the organizations that show the occurrence of the culturally safe environment for the Australian Indigenous people and promoting their participation are very few thus there is a lack of the culturally appropriate services (Staton et al, 2009). The organizations must allow the training to both the indigenous and non-indigenous employees in order to allow the environment that is not only culturally safe but pays due respect to various cultures including the culture of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The staff must learn to accept and value the importance of having culturally diverse employees in modern global organizations (Greg et al, 2012).

https://360homeconnect.com/xgqt3i2thw Apart from this, the organizations may involve in welcoming the people from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities by having them in existing staff while also allowing support to the management of health and nutritional issues of these indigenous communities. The social needs of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including the family needs, education, etc and the economic needs including the self-sustainable nature of employment in an environment that is culturally safe for these people must be promoted at the workplace (Moule, 2012). The service providers and other organizations must focus on bridging the gap between the indigenous and other staff as well.

https://idahosailing.org/80miq2lb 2. Community or health service provider organizations may build effective relationships with the indigenous groups and individuals through the use of strategies like:

https://highskywing.org/?p=64b45me a. Encouragement of self-determination in them

https://www.naomella.com/2022/06/bhms2t9 b. Showing respect for their cultures

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https://idahosailing.org/bhij8qsl5 d. Making use of interpreters (Gough, 2011)

https://www.yinghuaacademy.org/2022/psvoijcneq e. Not making them feel ashamed

f. Making negotiations in a manner that is acceptable in their cultures

g. Following questioning protocols

http://www.cbpae.org/u4qu3hoxq0z h. Sharing understandable information

i. Having knowledge about their language (Moule, 2012)

ACTIVITY 3

https://hiddengemsofzambia.com/6a0uu3r 1. Cultural safety implies that the environment allows the people to have their own cultural beliefs and practices without any interference while also respecting and nurturing the uniqueness of one’s cultural identity (Moule, 2012). It is commonly seen that the indigenous or the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may feel isolated as being a part of the minority groups due to dominant nature of the cultural environment.  For the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people particularly this experience is very challenging as already they are having issues due to their history thus the various education and care services, etc must involve in the development of an environment that is cultural friendly and do not offend the cultural practices of any cultural group including the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Greg et al, 2012).

Cultural safety means that the service must not act in such a manner or say something that makes a person or client from a particular cultural group ashamed or defamed and must make use of the language and the attitudes that pay due respect to the culturally diverse groups (Greg et al, 2012). Also the services must help the client in seeking care based on their cultural preferences through respecting and building positive relationships with them. The client or the people must feel safe in reflecting upon their culture and its practices through the development of the culturally competent environment and services (Gough, 2011).

The service providers must show due to concern to the indigenous people that their needs will be accepted and well accessed by the services and it must involve increasing the participation from these communities through demonstrating respect to their cultures. In order to develop respectful relationships with clients, workers, and individuals from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community, the organization must

https://thefactorsof.com/8fgh0uksm a. Demonstrate their knowledge and concern about their past (Morton et al 2015)

https://fizazzle.com/suu6rbaix b. Showing acceptance to their rituals, customs, etc. (Witte, 2010)

Order Valium From India c. Provide cultural competency training to the employees

https://360homeconnect.com/hrz640q9j d. Developing collaboration with these communities

e. Respect the differences and promote equality for all cultures especially Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander with disadvantaged position (Moule, 2012)

f. Developing a culturally safe and friendly environment at the workplace

2. The communication strategies for a culturally safe environment may be:

a. Avoiding questioning or communication that leads to shame feeling

b. Respecting their privacy (Gough, 2011)

c. Learning their culture and language

d. Making use of cultural brokers and interpreters

e. Being honest (Morton et al 2015)

f. Making use of language that is understood by the relevant community members to which client belong

g. Not allowing humor in communication as may be inappropriate

h. Communicating as per protocols and cultural customs

i. Respecting the differences among the community members

3. Cultural competence is the capability of the individual to have the knowledge and a sense of awareness about their own culture and its nature. It is the ability to understand that the truth and knowledge are merely artifacts and the same goes for each and every individual as well (Gough, 2011).

In order to be culturally competent, the person must be aware of one’s culture and this impacts their understanding of the health and other perspectives of the community. Also, a culturally competent person must be capable of identifying that how the particular community and its members perceive the disabilities health issues, the aging process, youth life, etc (Staton et al, 2009). This cultural competence needs the individual or organization to be aware of the shame associated with the use of the language and communication patterns in a particular community. The person must be aware of how the community wishes or needs the service providers to act or what are their cultural beliefs about particular services.

By having a culturally competent workforce, the employees must be capable of keeping their biases to one side while providing the services to them in an environment that is culturally safe and also understands their cultural and personal needs (Morton et al 2015).  Integration of cultural safety in the own work is very important as it helps in allowing an environment where all the stakeholders feel free to reflect on their own cultures and practice their own cultural beliefs thus providing a safe and secure environment for members of all the cultures.

ACTIVITY 4

1. It is necessary for the heath service staff to demonstrate the knowledge of the various cultures, languages, etc along with the religions and other practices in the various indigenous groups so as to show the concern and the understanding of the client needs (Moule, 2012). As the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people since the entry of the Anglo European colonizers in Australia had to suffer due to colonization, brutalities and the discrimination against their culture thus they still have the feelings of loss and grief due to their history. This makes the needs of the indigenous people somewhat different from others thus the various service providers must demonstrate an understanding of their culture, history, and needs in order to allow the satisfaction of their needs. They must demonstrate respect for the differences in the diverse cultural groups including the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, their kinship ties, cultural practices, etc in order to assess their needs in a better manner (Witte, 2010).

The providers of the various services need to take into account the development of the awareness about the self cultural biases and work towards it. The organizations must involve in the assessment of the own cultural views as being an influential factor in the interaction with the clients and others stakeholders from the different cultures. This will help the organization in understanding and respecting the differences among the various cultures and this will have a huge impact of their public image and the level of the engagement with the various community people (Morton et al 2015). By allowing the cultural training to the staff these organizations such as the Carisoprodol 350 Mg Price health services providers can be benefited through gaining clarity on the own cultural constructs and the other cultures in the vicinity. As the Australia and almost every nation is home to people from various cultures thus the organizations and staff must work towards respecting the diversity and development of the policies and strategies to increase their level of engagement with the community members. Also the work practices must be based on the grounds of understanding and being aware of the self view of the own culture and other cultures as including the culture of the clients who will be using the services of the respective organization (Monroe, 2016).

2. The staff in the health and other such community service providing organization must involve in the cross-cultural pieces of training through enrollment with the educational organizations that provide such training and include TAFE, Registered Training providers, etc apart from the private training provider agencies that help the cross-cultural competence of staff.Such training is supposed to address the various issues as related to the following:

a. Preference on food

b. Time concepts

c. Rituals related to birth (Gough, 2011)

d. Care concepts

e. Management of child care

f. Religions practices (Greg et al, 2012)

g. Attitude to nudity

h. Death and associated rituals

i. Privacy concepts

j. Rehabilitation

k. Disability

l. Information sharing etc (Moule, 2012)

The provision of cross cultural training helps the individual in being aware of the own culture, view of the other cultures across, and the bias, which most not be affecting the quality of the services provided to individuals from varying backgrounds at the organization (Staton et al 2009). This will also help them in understanding the common things and the differences with the people with whom they may interact thus benefiting the understanding of people from other cultures and making the whole interaction more sensible. This will help the development of the policies and strategies that allow efficient working in a cross-cultural scenario.

ACTIVITY 5

1. The identification of the communication issues may be based on the observation and the understanding of the individuals from a particular community and their cultural practices, customs, language, etc. Also the consultation with the community members such as elders particularly in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities may help in understanding communication issues (Morton et al 2015). As the multicultural communication is based on the knowledge of the communicators about other’s cultures and their willingness to identify the possible issues with communication. As the education service provider need to interact with children and families coming from diverse background thus the educators must make use of the interpreters rather than allowing miscommunications and this is made possible by educator by analyzing root issues pr problems in communication (Greg et al, 2012).

The communication barriers with the parents and children from different cultures can be removed by the educator or the organization through involvement in cross-cultural pieces of training. This will help the educators and organization to plan education as per the specific culture and needs of the children and families from a particular culture. This helps in the maintenance of good and collaborative relationships with the members of the community as in the case of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and ensuring their participation and engagement.

2. In order to maintain effective relationships with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the following issues need to be addressed:

a. Language use (Moule, 2012)

b. Humor

c. Trust building

d. Comfort level

e. Education

f. Disclosing information (Gough, 2011)

g. Health

h. Body language

i. History and past experience

j. Formalities

k. Use of slangs

l. Justice and crime

m. Customary practices in communication (Witte, 2010)

ACTIVITY 6

The benefits of engaging the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander interpreters and cultural brokers are various as allowing the confidence to the current and prospective clients that the organization is duly committed to identification of their needs in accurate manner while also allowing the culturally safe environment to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

This will help any organization as through training interpreters and brokers in gaining support of the community of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people while also showing respect for this community. This will help in increasing the level of engagement of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with the organization (Morton et al 2015). By training the members of staff to act as brokers, the organization is capable of having highly culturally competent staff and agencies associated. Also this will be beneficial to the indigenous people as they may gain referrals for other services available for their community and the organization can gain access to better information through connecting with their community thus benefiting both the parties.

ACTIVITY 7

The various resources that will help the organizations linked to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may include the following:

a. Council of Aboriginal Reconciliation (Gough, 2011)

b. Australian Indigenous health services

c. Commonwealth department for health

d. Electronic networks allowing sharing of knowledge about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

e. Language related services (Moule, 2012)

f. Community websites providing information about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

g. Cultural awareness services

h. Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health

i. Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander website

j. Australian indigenous health Information network (Morton et al 2015)

ACTIVITY 8

It is commonly seen that the indigenous or the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may feel isolated as being a part of the minority groups due to dominant nature of the cultural environment (Gough, 2011).  For the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people particularly this experience is very challenging as already they are having issues due to their history thus the various education and care services, etc must involve in development of an environment that is cultural friendly and do not offend the cultural practices of any cultural group including the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Moule, 2012). The Cultural safety implies that the environment allow the people to have their own cultural beliefs and practices without any interference while also respecting and nurturing the uniqueness of the one’s cultural identity.

Cultural safety means that the service must not act in such a manner or say something that make a person or client from a particular cultural group ashamed or defamed and must make use of the language and the attitudes that pay due respect to the culturally diverse groups. Also the services must help the client in seeking care based on their cultural preferences through respecting and building positive relationships with them (Morton et al 2015). The client or the people must feel safe in reflecting upon their culture and its practices as through the development of the culturally competent environment and services.

ACTIVITY 9

Self determination is associated with the rights of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people mainly who are indigenous to Australia. The concept of self determination applies to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Australia as they must be allowed the equal rights and controlling of their life as the other or non indigenous people have here (Moule, 2012). Though the governments at Australia had been developing measures for improving of self determination among the Australians but they failed by not involving the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander in planning of provisions. The self determination of these indigenous people can only be attained through encouraging these people to be responsible for self well being, governance and determination.

In order to promote the self determination of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, the various strategies may be used such as:

1. Allowing the controlling power of the health services and other programs

2.  Cross cultural and competencies training among the employees of the service organizations to allow respect to indigenous cultures

3. Allowing services in the indigenous languages

4. Allowing the access to funding and employment opportunities as to the non-indigenous people (Gough, 2011)

The various initiatives of the Government related to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and their communities must be enforced and supported by various health-based, education, and other community service providers (Monroe, 2016). The government should set up a team in order to follow up if the organizations or service providers are capable of meeting the desired goals in rendering the services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and how far are their self-determination needs being actually promoted in the society.

ACTIVITY 10

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander or the indigenous people must be consulted and their needs must be determined in order to identify the outcomes or goals that need to be met along with having the measurement of the time frames, resources, etc that will be required in the process of meeting these collectively set goals (Morton et al 2015). Thus having the measurements and the marked outcomes is a very important part of the planning process. As the planning will involve various strategies to encourage and increase the participation from the indigenous groups thus the measurement metrics like time-frame, etc are important in evaluating the success of the plan in meeting the goals (Greg et al, 2012). While planning, the various stakeholders may involve in the establishment of the outcomes or goals and the measurements collectively and in an agreed manner. All the government agencies, community participants, service providers, etc must reach an agreement on outcomes and measurement metrics (Moule, 2012).

As the planning is being done in order to have good impacts and well being of the people from Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities thus they must be actively involved in the process. Also, there are various stakeholders involved in this process and most importantly the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander or the indigenous communities whose needs must be assessed before planning (Gough, 2011). Their participation must be ensured in order to gain a successful increment in their participation with the various services.

This planning in consultation with various stakeholders will help in the improvement of the access to health and education services to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It will also help in the acknowledgment of the indigenous cultures while also improving the acceptance of the various community services while also helping the self-determination of these community members and provision of better employment opportunities for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Morton et al 2015).

ACTIVITY 11

The various services and the programs must be evaluated against the marked outcomes in order to evaluate the strategies developed in order to enhance the relationships with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (Witte, 2010). If there is any issue in the existing strategies then the changes can be made in order to enhance the level of engagement with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The service providers need to deliver the services that help in promoting the indigenous people and must be demonstrating cultural sensitivity. Also, they must be progressive towards solving any misconceptions or conflicts with particular groups in the community while also being concerned towards the regular review and improvisation of the strategies thus making them more ad easily accepted by the various cultures in the community (Monroe, 2016). Thus it is necessary that the services or organizations must involve in regular review of these measures in order to find out any problems or differences thus debarring its effective implementation.

Summative Assessments

ASSESSMENT 1

1. Cultural awareness means that the person should respect as well as explore the differences in the various cultures while also allowing the understanding of their own cultural bias and values (Greg et al, 2012).

Cultural safety implies that the environment allows the people to have their own cultural beliefs and practices without any interference while also respecting and nurturing the uniqueness of one’s cultural identity (Witte, 2010).

2. The legislation that apply to the cultural safety of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are:

a. Human rights

b. Nondiscriminatory procedures

c. Disabilities

d. Alcohol and drug abuse (Moule, 2012)

e. Cultural security

f. Violence particularly of Domestic nature

g. Employment opportunities (Gough, 2011)

h. Community services provision

3. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have a variety of distinct groups with little changes in customs, stories, histories, languages, cultural practices and they are quite isolated from the mainstream (Morton et al 2015). The service providers must be capable of identification of these differences in the indigenous populations and must involve the elders of these respective groups in the planning of the service provisions and the delivery by making policies and systems in this direction.

4. The historical and the current factors include the following:

a. Educational levels

b. Kinship ties

c. Laws

d. Rights of land

e. Mabo (Gough, 2011)

f. Discriminatory procedures

g. Stolen generation

h. Poverty

i. Unemployment

j. Access to technology (Monroe, 2016)

k. Ongoing plight

l. Access to resources

m. Ill health

n. Transportation access and issues (Moule, 2012)

o. Reluctance to visit the community service organizations

5. The various factors that are contributing to the poor health in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people or the Indigenous communities are:

a. As the indigenous groups live outside the main societies in the remote areas thus the communication with them is all the more difficult (Monroe, 2016)

b. Poor availability of maternity health support and other facilities

c. The prevalence of poverty and the high rates of unemployment thus contributing to their poor health (Greg et al, 2012)

d. Poor nutrition among the indigenous people which is somewhat due to poverty is also contributing to poor health

e. The feelings of the losses and the grievance over the losses of cultural identity and land ownership (Staton et al, 2009)

f. The formation of the stolen generation and the consequent loss of the family or kinship ties amongst the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

g. The history of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is contributing to their poor health and situation

h. Feelings of being culturally unsafe and vulnerable (Morton et al 2015)

i. Environment including water supply, sewerage, house facilities, etc

j. Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander people are Seeking treatment only when the issue is serious is also contributing

6. Increased access to the health and community services can be encouraged as through:

a. Involving the Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander people in the planning and delivery of the services (Gough, 2011)

b. Focusing on the fair allocation of relevant resources

c. Focusing on the data collection and involving in analysis in order to increase the participation of the Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander people (Monroe, 2016)

d. Promoting the improvement of the communication methods

e. Providing training sessions for the Aboriginal and Torres strait Islander people in order to help them gain employment

f. Developing trustful relationships with the various community groups (Moule, 2012)

ASSESSMENT 2

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Ever since the entry of the Anglo European people in Australia, the indigenous people in Australia which includes the Aboriginal and the Torres Islander communities had to face hostile conditions including violence, lack of participation in the societies, lack of access to services, poverty unemployment brutalities and the discrimination (Witte, 2010). The colonizers took away their land and ownership controls and they also prevented the Aboriginal and the Torres Islander communities from practicing their cultures which consist of unique Dream-time stories, languages and even their traditions and rituals. The children of the Aboriginal and the Torres Islander communities were forcible taken away from them by these colonizers in Australia in order to reduce their populations and this led to the formation of the Stolen Generation which had to face the brutalities and hostile living conditions as the Aboriginal and the Torres Islander communities (Gough, 2011). The history and the plight of these indigenous people in the past had impacted their present as the feelings of loss, grievance and discrimination are still a part of their lives at present. The prevalence of poverty, unemployment, improper nutrition, and poor health is the present situation of these Aboriginal and Torres Islander communities. Due to their unique cultural practices, their culture is still not being completely accepted completely by the service providers and also they are reluctant to access health and other community services owing to discrimination against their cultures. This is further contributing to their poor health, education, and unemployment thus making their lives even more miserable (Moule, 2012).

The organization must be keen to identify and access how the cultural factors and diversity may impact the organization all the more as Australia island to a variety of cultures (Greg et al, 2012). The health and the service organizations must involve in the close observation of the culture and the practices of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and must involve in the research about their culture and practices including the Dream-time stories, languages are spoken, the health status of the community, festivals, books, rituals followed by the community, art forms, and music, etc and must allow due respect for the diversity in the cultures (Morton et al 2015).

The health and other service provider organizations may involve in collaborative trust-based and respectful relationships with the people of the community through showing due respect for their culture and involving them in the events in the organization or putting up displays of their art forms and flags at the premises (Staton et al 2009). These organizations can call up community members for interactions as the elders from the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community as they are given high regard in their cultures and may involve in having sound involvement of these members in the planning and development of the service provisions suiting to their community in order to allow higher engagement of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with the organization.

CHCDIV002 ASSESSMENT ANSWERS

The providers of the various services need to take into account the development of the awareness about self cultural biases and work towards it. The organizations must involve in the assessment of the own cultural views as being an influential factor in the interaction with the clients and other stakeholders from different cultures (Monroe, 2016). This will help the organization in understanding and respecting the differences among the various cultures and this will have a huge impact on their public image and the level of the engagement with the various community people (Gough, 2011). Through allowing the cultural training to the staff these organizations such as the health services providers can be benefitted through gaining a clarity on the own cultural constructs.

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It is necessary for the health service staff to demonstrate the knowledge of the various cultures, languages, etc along with the religions and other practices in the various indigenous groups so as to show the concern and the understanding of the client needs (Greg et al, 2012). Increased access to the health and community services can be encouraged through the use of the following strategies in the organizations as involving the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the planning and delivery of the services, focusing on the fair allocation of relevant resources, focusing on the data collection and involving in analysis in order to increase the participation of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, promoting the improvement of the communication methods, providing training sessions for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in order to help them gain employment and developing trustful relationships with the various community groups (Chamberlain et al, 2015)

The various resources that will help the service provider organizations to work effectively in the cross cultural environment may include the cultural training providing organizations such as TAFE. Resources linked to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people may include the following as Council of Aboriginal Reconciliation, Australian Indigenous health services, Commonwealth department for health, Electronic networks allowing sharing of knowledge about Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Language related services and interpreters, Community websites providing information about the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Cultural awareness services, Office for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, Department of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander website and Australian indigenous health Information network (Morton et al 2015).

The providers of the various services need to take into account the development of the awareness about self cultural biases and work towards it (Morton et al 2015). The organizations must involve in the assessment of the own cultural views as being an influential factor in the interaction with the clients and other stakeholders from different cultures. This will help the organization in understanding and respecting the differences among the various cultures and this will have a huge impact on their public image and the level of the engagement with the various community people (Moule, 2012). By allowing the cultural training to the staff these organizations such as the health services providers can be benefited through gaining clarity on the own cultural constructs and the other cultures in the vicinity. As Australia and almost every nation is home to people from various cultures thus the organizations and staff must work towards respecting the diversity and development of the policies and strategies to increase their level of engagement with the community members (Mick, 2010). Also, the work practices must be based on the grounds of understanding and being aware of the self-view of the own culture and other cultures as including the culture of the clients who will be using the services of the respective organization.

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The identification of the communication issues may be based on the observation and the understanding of the individuals from a particular community and their cultural practices, customs, language, etc (Morton et al 2015). Also, the consultation with the community members such as elders particularly in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities may help in the understanding of communication issues. As multicultural communication is based on the knowledge of the communicators about other’s cultures and their willingness to identify the possible issues with communication (Monroe, 2016)

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As the service provider need to interact with families coming from diverse background thus the educators must make use of the interpreters rather than allowing miscommunications and this is made possible by analyzing root issues or problems in communication (Greg et al, 2012). The communication barriers with people from a different culture can be removed by the organization through involvement in cross-cultural training of the employees in which various external training providing organizations may help. This will help the organization to plan services as per the specific culture and needs of the children and families from a particular culture (Gough, 2011). This helps in the maintenance of good and collaborative relationships with the members of the community as in the case of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and ensuring their participation and engagement (Witte, 2010).

These service provider organizations may make of the appropriate communication strategies for a culturally safe environment as avoiding questioning or communication that leads to shame feeling respecting their privacy, learning their culture and language, making use of cultural brokers and interpreters, being honest to them, making use of language that is understood by the relevant community members to which client belong, not allowing humor in communication as may be inappropriate, communicating as per protocols and cultural customs while also respecting the differences among the community members (Morton et al 2015).

The workplace relationships with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander coworkers include the lack of appreciation from the other workers about the historical losses, discriminatory behaviors, and grievances faced by these people (Thomson, 2011). The members of other community or non-indigenous staff are not able to understand the plight that had been faced and is still being faced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and its impact on their access to health services in the community, gaining of employment in the organizations, education and other services in the community (Gough, 2011).

The organizations that show the occurrence of the culturally safe environment for the Australian Indigenous people and promoting their participation are very few thus there is a lack of culturally appropriate services (Rathie, 2007). The organizations must allow the training to both the indigenous and non-indigenous employees while making use of the cultural interpreters and brokers when working with indigenous people as this is a part of the Duty of Care requirement to allow the health care services that yield customer satisfaction of needs (Staton e al, 2009).

Cultural safety means that the service must not act in such a manner or say something that makes a person or client from a particular cultural group ashamed or defamed and must make use of the language and the attitudes that pay due respect to the culturally diverse groups. Also, the services must help the client in seeking care based on their cultural preferences through respecting and building positive relationships with them (Moule, 2012). The client or the people must feel safe in reflecting upon their culture and its practices as through the development of the culturally competent environment and services (Witte, 2010).

In order to promote the self-determination of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, various strategies may be used such as allowing the controlling power of the health services and other programs, cross-cultural and competencies training among the employees of the service organizations to allow respect to indigenous cultures, allowing services in the indigenous languages and allowing the access to funding and employment opportunities as to the non-indigenous people (Gough, 2011).

Increased participation and access to the health and community services can be encouraged through involving the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the planning and delivery of the services, focusing on the fair allocation of relevant resources, focusing on the data collection, and involving in analysis in order to increase the participation of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, promoting the improvement of the communication methods, providing training sessions for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in order to help them gain employment and developing trustful relationships with the various community groups.

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References

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 “Influence of Aboriginal players”. (2007) online available at Footy.lisaj.id.au.Retrieved on 27 Jan 2017

 Greg G., Eleanor B: (2012). “Indigenous Populations, Mixed Discourses and Identities pdf” (PDF). People and Place Volume 8 No 2 Monash University. Retrieved 16 Jan 2017

 Witte, A. (2010) “Making the Case for a Post-National Cultural Analysis of Organizations,” Journal of Management Inquiry (2012) 21:141.

 Morton, R. (2015). “Indigenous ransom threat: pay up or you don’t see kids”. The Australian. Retrieved 1 December 2016.

 Aboriginal culture one of world’s oldest, (2010) Australian Geographic, 23 Jan 2017

 Thomson, N. (2011) “Indigenous Australia: Indigenous Health”, p. 153 in James Jupp (ed), The Australian people: an encyclopedia of the nation, its people and their Origins, Cambridge University Press.

 Aboriginal Australia & the Torres Strait Islands: Guide to Indigenous Australia. (2010) Lonely Planet Publications. last accessed on 28 Jan, 2017

 Monroe, M. H. (2016). “Australia: The Land Where Time Began – Malakunanja II – Arnhem land (more recently called Madjedbebe)”. austhrutime.com. Retrieved 28 January 2017

 “LANGUAGES OF ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER PEOPLES – A UNIQUELY AUSTRALIAN HERITAGE”. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 Jan 2017

Rathje, S. (2007). Intercultural Competence: The Status and Future of a Controversial Concept. Journal for Language and Intercultural Communication, 7(4), 254–266

 Mick G. (2010). “Indigenous inclusion is good for our constitution”. Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 2010-09-01. Retrieved1 Jan 2017.

Chamberlain, S. P. (2015). Recognizing and responding to cultural differences in the education of culturally and linguistically diverse learners. Intervention in School & Clinic, 40(4), 195-211.

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